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Of Interest to Every Citizen of the United States. 

Pastor of the Central Baptist Church of "Wilmington, N. C. 

Bloody Riot Perpetrated upon the Helpless and Inoffensive 


Wilmington, JST. C., Thursday, November 10, 1898. 

It was clamored among' the political campaigners that 
m the eastern portion of North Carolina, the white people 
were under i^egro rule. They took advantage of this 
scarecrow, and held it up before the white friends of the 
Xtgroin all their political speeches, using also the Manly 
article to create anger among the loyal and conservative 
white citizen- It is not my motive to give the nature 
of the Manly article or the number of Xegro officeholders, 
but to state the, facte touching the riot above, named. It 
is my feeling to impartially state to white and colored 
the facts as I best know them pertaining to the bloody riot. 

Ministers Called to Explain. 

After the publication of the Manly article, and the 
threats heaped upuu him on the account of its publication, 
and the withdrawal of its advertisements by its white con- 
tributors, and the appeal to the Interdenominational Min- 
isterial Union to help the enterprise, as it would be com- 

pelled to die unless the colored people would subscribe 
ard pay their subscriptions more readily than they had in 
the past. Being the only daily paper in the South and 
enterprise of its kind, the Ministerial Union promised to 
ask their people to subscribe to the paper and support it 
as an enterprise of our race, without any thoughts of en- 
dorsing the much talked of article, and with this view, 
they published the re-solution asking the colored people 
to support the Record. The ministers being asked to 
plain their resolution, drew up a resolution of explain* 
and presented it to the Messenger, a white paper, in 
swer to their request, but it seemed not to be satisfac 
and they were therefore publicly assailed by the jour 
of "Wilmington to their sad regret and misfortune; 
we believe that all these steps were taken in order to fur- 
ther political ends. There was a meeting called on Wed- 
nesday night, Xovember 9th, and the Ministers and lead- 
ing colored citizens were requested to attend and they 
attended; this meeting was white. They were asked to 
see to it that Manly leave the City, the colored ministers 
stated that they were not concerned in Manly's article, and 
h<id never been. The following extract is taken from the 
"Wilmington Messenger, white, referring to 

The Ministerial Union, Colored, 

"Don't forget its members. The Record will be dis- 
posed of and its editor relegated to non-residence. So let 
it be with the smart elect preachers, who composed the 
Union, and endorsed the Record. Let them consider the 
propriety of finding more congenial fields upon which to 
pasture. They must quit. It might as well be under- 
sto. . : now as hereafter. Resignations and non-residence 
wil! be enforced." 

There was a request made on the part of the editor of 
lie "Wilmington daily Messenger to all of the white min- 
isters of the various denominations of Wilmington, to 
preach from a certain text on a certain Sabbath before 
the election and the dire bloody riot, which seemed to 
agitate and move the people to reek out their sentiments 


coming from the bosom of the editor and not the text in 
its jistical connection with the scriptures, and with the 
will of God. The texts were as follows: Isaiah, 17th 
chapter, 14th verse — -"And behold at evening tide trou- 
ble; before the morning he is not. This is the portion of 
them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us." It 
seems that this text is applicable to the Xegroes in pro- 
fession, and the common people, and whereas the Xegoes 
were "not robbing them of their material goods, the text 
points rather to their political interest. The text pertain- 
ing to the ministers ami their flocks: — Jeremiah, 25th 
chapter, 35th verse: — "And the bhepherds shall have no 
way to flee, nor the pi i of the flock to escape." The 

white ministers of W x ~. C. carried their guns 

in the blood y 

Election Day. 

Tuesday, Xovember 8ih, 1898. Perfect peace seemed 
to pervade but when the sleeping lion should awake and 
bound upon his prey. All the peaceful Xegroes and white 
people made glad by the following circular: 

To the Voters of New Hanover County. 

Rev. Dr. Peyton H. Hoge, in a letter to the Governor, 
of Saturday, Xovember 5th, uses the following language: 

"I have seen several prominent members of the cam- 
paign committee and have the positive assurances from 
them that not only is no intimidation contemplated, but 
that it will be discountenanced by every means in their 

"If Xegroes do as Henderson advised them: go to the 
polls and cast their ballots quietly and go home; I have 
no idea that there will be any disturbance." 

"I think all the members of our committee feel that 

their honor is involved in seeing that the agreement is 

carried out in good, faith; and we will certainly use all 

.i efforts to secure that result, and we have the same promise 

from prominent members of the campaign committee." 

Dr. Hoe;e was one of the committee who conferred with 





the Governor and agreed upon the compromise which was 
cordially and almost unanimously approved and ratified 
by the merchants and lmsiness men of the city, and by 
the Democratic campaign committee. 

The Governor has other assurances of similar import 
from all of the committee that conferred with him. As 
men of honor they could not do otherwise. 

Chairman Republican State Ex. Com. 
Chairman People's Party State Ex. Com. 

The following circular was issued in consequence of an 
agreement effected by Governor Russell and the leading 
Democratic politicians of Wilmington, leading citizens 
and business men: (The agreement) to put in no county 
Ticket in the field; no Xegro nominees, but to have only 
the State, Congressional and Senatorial tickets. 

"Senator Pritehard, Senator Butler, Governor Russell, 
Chairman Holton and Chairman Thompson and Oliver H. 
Doekery appeal to the Republicans and Populists of Xew 
Hanover County to turn out and vote the State, Con- 
gressional and Senatorial tickets. 

Conditions are such in your county that we join in giv- 
ing you this advice. Listen to us! Do not encourage any 
attempt to depart from the agreement made with the mer- 
chants and business men. They have taken down their 
Legislative Ticket for the House, and have put up their 
two Representatives. Let us make no objections to them 
6v to their County Ticket, These merchants and business 
men have gift-en their word that there shall be a free and 
fair and peaceful election. Xow it is most important to 
yon that you turn out and vote the Eusion Ticket for 
Judges and Solicitor, for Congressman and for State Sen- 
ator. Do not listen to men who seek to divide you be- 
cause they themselves have personal grievances or disap- 
pointments. Let every Republican, every Populist, every 
Independent, every man who is opposed to the Democratic 
Machine and its methods, turn out and put in his vote. 
If you fail to do it, the consequence may be disastrous. 

Vote for the Fusion Ticket, for Oliver H. Dockerjr for 
Congress, and R. B. Davis for Senate. 

Do not hang around the polls on Election Day, vote 
and a'o to your homes. 


Chairman Republican State Committee. 
Chairman Populist State Committee. 

Candidate for Congress. 

The Negroes were absolutely obedient to the above re- 
quest: seeing the mighty power that hung over their homes, 
and earned this order out to the letter, consequently all 
was peace on the Tuesday of the election. Why should 
it not be; when they were completely le xf the nomi- 

nation and the county ticket relegated Ln the midst of 
all this, preparations among our supposed white friends 
were being made to strike the fearful blow upon the 
Xegroes and on that night, if anything would be started, 
I did not see it, but heard it from an eye witness, that 
there was an anny of white citizens mobilized in the old 
field back of Tenth street, on Tuesday night, waiting for 
signals from the sentinels. (Appointed by the citizens.) 
They walked their beats through the City all night, but 
nothing happened on Tuesday night, only a little trouble 
in the precincts as to ballot boxes. Pistols held in the 
faces of XegTO poll holders who had to leave to save their 
lives, for the light was extinguished and they knew not 
what moment they would be killed. This is from the 
Deputy Sheriff of the County to me, he said the poll 
re r,,ld him. 

CitUens' Mass Meeting, Wednesday, November 9, 1598. 

Evening Dispatch of Wilmington, Xorth Carolina, 
. Xegro editor Manly must leave the State. 
Citizen's Mass Meeting give him twenty-four hours to 


get out of the limits — Mayor Wright and Chief Melton 
nmst resign. 

The mass meeting of citizens and taxpayers called for 11 
o'clock met promptly at that hour. There were nearly 
2,000 of Wilmington's leading citizens and most promi- 
nent business men present and from the determined look 
on the face of ever)- man no one could doubt the import 
of the assemblage. On motion, Col. A. M. Waddell was 
called to the Chair and after mounting the rostrum called 
the meeting to order. The court room was packed to 
suffocation, but as the chairman arose to address the lneet- 
ing, the drop of a pin could have been beard. 

Col. Waddell stated that the first business of the meet- 
ing was the consideration of a resolution which he had to 
read to them. 

Col. Waddell then read ion which space pre^ 

vent our publishing in fn preamble declared that 

this community would B er ^ ruled by men of 

African origin; that our eyes are open to the fact that 
ve must act now or leave our children to a gloomy fate; 
that we propose in the future to give employment as far 
as possible only to white men. 

Then followed the paragraph relating to the Manly 
article which ve give in full, as follows: 

"That- we have been, in our desire for harmony and 
peace, blinded both to our best interests and rights. A 
climax was reached when the IsTegro paper of this city 
published an article so vile and slanderous that it would in 
most communities have resulted in the lynching of the 
editor. We deprecate lynching and yet there is no pun- 
ishment provided by the courts adequate for the offense. 
We therefore owe it to, the people of this community and 
this city, as a protection against such license in the future, 
ih at the paper known as the Record cease to be published 
and that its editor be banished from this community. 

"We demand that he leave this city within twenty-four 
hours after the issuance of this proclamation. Second, 
that the printing press from which the 'Record' has been 
issued be packed and shipped .from the city without delay, 
that we be notified within twelve hours of the acceptance 
or rejection of this demand. 

"If the demand is agreed to, within twelve hours, we 
counsel forbearance on the part of all white men. If the 
demand is refused or if no answer is given within the time 
mentioned then the editor, Manly, will be expelled bv 

Several amendments were offered and rejected as being 
against law and order. On motion, a committee of five, 
consisting of Colonel Walker Taylor and Messrs. George 
Eoundtree, S. H. Eishblate, Iredell Meares and Hugh 
McRae,-was appointed to consider the resolution and re- 
port to the meeting. During the absence of the commit- 
tee loud calls were made for Colonel Waddell, and he re- 
sponded, briefly, heartily endorsing the resolution. As he 
concluded cheers were made for our new Congressman, 
Hon. John D. Bellamy, and he too, responded with a rous- 
ing speech.. Others that spoke were Frank McNeil, Esq., 
Judge Borneman, Junius Davis, Esq., and P. B. Manning, 

At this juncture the committee returned and reported 
that it endorsed the resolutions heartily and they were 
then adopted by the meeting and every man present 
affixed his signature. 

The committee also reported the following resolution, 
which was unanimously adopted with rousing cheers: 

"Resolved, We, the undersigned citizens in mass meet- 
ing assembled do agree that Mayor S. P. Wright and Chief 
of Pr.lice John R. Melton have shown their inability to 
give This city a decent government and their adniiuistra- 
t lias not provided protection for our citizens, but has 
proven a menace to this community and they ought 
On motion, the chair appointed a committee of twenty- 
five citizens to carry out the action of the meeting and 
-<:> carry into operation such other plans as may come 
up, such as selecting a new Board of Aldermen, etc. 
After adopting resolutions of minor importance, thanking 
the city and foreign press and various committees, the first 
meeting of its kind ever h ' J in North Carolina, adjourned. 

"Manly must leave h .n 'row, noon, and Wright and 
Melton must resign.'* 


A member of this meeting arose and asked the question 
of the Chairman: "What shall we do with the ministers?" 
We know not what the answer was, but we know the 
action, for we are exiled and scattered over the country 
from our pulpits and our people, without having time to. 
get our property or our money or any other means of 
protection for our families, but left them in the woods 
and country places to flee for our lives, hoping that we 
might be able to gather them home at some future time 
and in a place of safety. Special reference to the Boston 
Negro was published in the Evening Dispatch. It was 
supposed to have been directed to J. Allen Kirk, pastor 
of the Central Baptist Church, of Wilmington, North 
Carolina. The reference reads as follows: "The Negro 
syho came from Boston here to lead the Negroes in their 
'. predations had better take his departure and shake the 

-t of the city from his feet." 

But this divine lias never taken any part in politics and 
} i lead continually that his people follow peace and order 
and even Avas a member of the committee (the Chairman) 
that drew up a resolution of prayer and fasting on the 
part of his people to> go into effect Monday, November 
7th, prior to the election, and the much regretted riot. 
Notwithstanding that, he had oft times invoked the blessings 
of God upon the City of Wilmington, upon white and 
colored and all enterprises carried on by them. It seems 
that the inevitable came. O! The poor helpless Negro. 
God help him, and may all that read the following and 
impartial story, white and black, pray that God may stay 
the strong arm of our white brethren and all our colored 
brethren from shedding blood. My heart is burdened 
with the cares of our race; and with anxiety I appeal and 
ev. treat our white brethren to help us to quell the many 
disturbances that are now happening in our country. With 
impartiality, love and respect toward white and colored 
I give the following statements of the Wilmington Biot 
as best known to me. Not with the intention of moving 
the passions of white or colored men, but that I may pre- 
vent exaggerated stories from being heaped upon the com- 
munity or upon the country. 

nesdav there was a great Jubilee march by the 
Democrats through the City, probably five hundred in 
ber, and report after report could be heard from their 
The cheers and loud hurrahs and shrieks in 
streets were enough to intimidate and demoralize all geao©- 
ful citizens and to send fear and terror *to the hearts of 
the Negroes inhabiting the City of "Wilmington. But it 
cleared away and we thought all was over and Dr. Kirk 
bong at Major "Walkers, whose wife receiving a telephone 
that the whites were gathering around Gas ireet in 

great numbers with guns and arms of various kinds and 
advised her not to sleep that night, but to keep her eyes 
open. The Rev. started home to see about his family and 
as he got to Tanning Street the firing began ; not knowing 
the nature of it he sends for his family and he and his 
family lodged in the suburbs of the City that night. Re- 
turning home the next morning he arose from the break- 
fast table and went to see what the signs of the times were. 
He saw a young man rushing by on his wheel whom he 
called to and asked what the trouble was, he said they 
were, all gathering at the Armory on Market Street, pre- 
paring to burn the Record. Rev. Kirk started for a car- 
riage to remove his family but they were then coming and 
he took his family to the suburbs of the City, hiding in 
the Colored Cemetery until the disturbances of the day 
were quite over; having messengers to go back and forth 
to bring him the news of all that was done. This he kept 
up until the chief fighting was over. They marched down 
to the Love and Charity Hall, went in, threw out the press 
into the street and The building burned down. Then they 
marched to Rev. I. Allen Kirk's house, pastor of the Cen- 
tial Baptist Church, and the Regulators lined up in front 
of the parsonage, while two came to the door and knocked 
for entrant . but tiny were told that he and his family 
had gone. They went from there across the railroad into 
what is known a- J 'arktown and Brooklyn; they had sent 
a committee to remove all the white women and their child- 
ren down town, whore they had prepared a guard to keep 
them secure. They marched through the streets protected 
by these military and citizen regulators, perfectly safe. 


it was a great sight to see them marching from death, and 
the colored women, colored men, colored children, colored 
enterprises and colored people all exposed to death. Fir- 
ing began, and it seemed ]ike a mighty battle in war time. 
The shrieks and screams of children, of mothers, of wives 
were heard, sncli as caused the blood of the most inhuman 
person to creep. Thousands of women, children and men 
rushed to the swamps and there lay upon the earth in the 
cold to freeze and starve. The woods were filled with 
colored people. . The streets were dotted with their dead 
bodies. A white gentleman said that he saw ten bodies 
lying in the undertakers office at one time. Some of their 
bodies were left lying in the streets until up in the next 
day following the riot. Some were found by the stench 
and miasma, that came forth from their decaying bodies 
under their houses. Every colored man who passed 
through the streets had either to be guarded by one of 
the crowd i i have a paper (pass) giving him the right to 
pass ..lured men at the cotton press and oil mills 

were ordered not to leave their labor but stop there, while 
i wives and children were shrieking and crying in the 
midst of the flying balls and in sight of the cannons and 
Gatling gun. All the white people had gone out of that 
part of the City, this army of men marched through the 
streets, swor ; ckled to their sides, giving the command 
to fire. ; 3 1 - iod at their labor wringing their hands and 

weeping they dare not move to the protection of their 

homes. : i then when they passed through the streets 

had : ' Id up their hands and be searched. The little 
white boys of the city searched them and took from them 
every mean defence, and if they resisted, they were 

shot. down. From an eye-witness and a reliable colored 
lady, fr em York, it was stated that they went into 

a colored man's house, he sitting at the fire, they thought 
he fired a shot; he ran, they shot him down, then took up 
a stick of wood and bursted his brains out ; then they went 
on firing, it seems, at every living Negro, killing a great 
many of them; searching everyone they could get hold 
of; this went on all day and night, more or less. The city 
was under militarv rule; no Xegro was allowed to come 


into the city without being examined or withouj 
through with his boss, for whom he labored. ( olorad 
women were examined and their hats taken ofT u •, search 
was made even under tlieir clothing. They went from 
house to house looking for Negroes that they considered 
offensive; took arms they had hidden and killed them for 
the least expression of manhood. They gathered around 
colored homes, firing like great sportsmen firing at rabbits 
in an open field and when one would jump his man, from 
sixty to one hundred shots would be turned loose upon him. 
His escape was impossible. One fellow was walking along 
a railroad, ami they shot hii my provoca- 

ti u. l\ is said lay upon 

tin street dead and dying, while uafi eirs of their race 
by helpless and unable to do them any good or 
their families. Negro stores were closed and the owners 
thereof driven out of the city and even shipped away at 
the point of the gun. ' 

Some of the churches were search e< i for ammunition, and 
cannons turned toward the door in the attitude of blowing 
up the church if the pastor ■ did not open them 

that they might go thron lay, November 13th, 

while the funeral of a. lieen: ainister was going on in 
Central Baptist Church, of winch Dr. J. Allen Kirk is 
p;.stor, they, thinking the pastor was preaching, sur- 
rounded the church it is supposed in order to capture him 
when he came out. Saturday, previous to this, they went 
around to the colored ministers and asked them what they 
intended to preach on Sunday. 

This riot not only touched the Negro, but it touched 
the Republican party, for it compelled the Republican 
Mayor, Chief of Police, their Aldermen, their policemen, 
and all to resign their offices and be sent away from the 
city; that is to say, the Mayor and other prominent white 
leaders. It is supposed that John C. Dancy is in danger 
ilmington, N. C. 

White ministers earned their guns to kill Negro Chris- 
ad sinners. The mob took the leading colored -min- 
and compelled them to go around the city with them 
ask the colored people to be obedient to the white 


people and go in their homes and keep qniet. This was 
a great humiliation for us and a shame upon our denomi- 
nations; and after all this some of them were compelled 
to leave the city. 

Dr. J. Allen Kirk's Escape. 

When he left the city with his wife and little Mabel 
Stitt following him in tears, there was a fusillade of balls 
flying abroad in the city; he caught up a delivery wagon, 
put his family in it and insisted that he drive them to the 
ccuntry, which he did, and they went in hiding in the 
swamps below the Colored Cemetery. 

Mrs. J. Allen Kirk a Heroine. 

As Mrs. Kirk stood in the Colored graveyard of Wil- 
mington, ]NT. C, with her little niece Mabel, daughter of 
the deceased pastor of Zion Wesley Church of Philadel- 
phia, Penna., by her side, and her husband before her, 
the guns roaring around her, like in a mighty battle, she 
saw that, her husband would not leave her, and said to 
him, "Mr. Kirk, escape for your life, you cannot carry 
me with you, perhaps they won't kill me, if they do I 
will die; you go! Go! Mr. Kirk." She is a great and 
loving wife. 

Dr. J. Allen Kirk was determined not to get out of 
reach of the riot, until he could get the whole story, con- 
sequently he had friends who went back and forth and 
brought him the news of the disturbances in the city. 
Learning that they had compelled Manly to leave the 
city, he got on a boat, and in the midst of the tears of 
hi? wife and niece and farewell kisses, he sailed down the 
creek and got off and waded the swamp and went through 
the wood and by-paths, nine miles from the city. And 
still he had the news brought to him, even until he took 
his leave, Sunday 'evening, November 13th, from Castle 
Haynes, nine miles from Wilmington. Before leaving 
home, he called the family with whom he and his wife 
and little niece were stopping, around the family altar and 
placed them and himself in the hands of God for pro- 


teetion. He bought his ticket for "WeldoB, N~- C, with 

the intention of going much farther. When he boarded 
the train lie entered the smoker, and there found that 
Regulators were on board the train and spotted him at 
once. They began to curse with refernce to him and to 
make great threats. He determined to try them to see 
if they would do him bodily harm. When the train 
stopped, at a couple of stations ahead, he got up, appa- 
rently to go out; as soon as he arose they followed to be 
sure that he did not get out of their sight; he passed into 
the first class ear and they watched him through the glass 
door. About this time the train was ready to stop at 
another station, and Lawyer Moore, colored, of Wilming- 
ton, X. C.j stepped on board the train; seeing Dr. Kirk, 
and he seeing him, could tell by each other's expression 
that serious danger and trouble were aboard the train, we. 
therefore, refrained speaking to each other, or acknowl- 
edging that we knew each other. When he boarded the 
train, they spotted him, and considered that they had two 
that they would manage to suit their own ideas that night. 
Lawyer Moore was to get off at Wilson, X. C, and in 
fact he did get off but was compelled to return to the car. 
This completely unstrung the most pitiful colored lawyer, 
for he had heard their threats, their determination to re- 
move him from the earth, or to prevent him from bother- 
ing them again. In some way or other, when he came 
back into the car, T)r. Kirk said he knew why he had 
come back, to appear ignorant of the cause, and to draw 
out the Regulators, that sat gazing upon both of us like 
a lion watching his prey. He asked Lawyer Moopre if he 
was not to stop at Wilson. He said, "yes;" then he asked 
him where he was going now. He said that he did not 
know and that he had no money to go anywhere, but he 
n: ought he would go as far as Rocky Mount if the con- 
ductor would let him. Dr. Kirk said, in order to draw 
out the Regulators and see what they meant to do, per- 
haps some of these white gentlemen will give you the 
money to go as far as Rocky Mount. Then they began 
to curse and swear and said they would rather send him 
down to hell, calling him all manner of names, than to 


give him his fare to Rocky Mount. When the train blew 
for the station, the Regulators passed into the first class 
car to consult; the porter passed out of the door and ieft 
it ajar. Lawyer Moore leaped from the car and dashed 
through the wood, while the train was in motion, thereby 
escaping; but the train was stopped and they went out 
t? look for him, but he had gone. Then they got back 
in the car; we had but a short distance to> go before we 
reached Rocky Mount. And they began to watch Dr. 
Kirk very closely, with what intention the Dr. could not 
tell, but he thought and felt that it was as serious as 
death. Before the train stopped, it seems that the con- 
ductor must have told them that his ticket was for Wel- 
don, and that he would have: to< be there awhile and it 
was not necessary to disturb him on the train. This is 
conjecture. Dr. Kirk became very uneasy and prepared 
to go out ; he got a lunch, hired a carriage and rode all 
that night through the storm and reached Whitaker, X. 
C. next morning and boarded a freight and came on to 
Petersburg, Ya. ; he promised his wife before he left that 
he would send her a telegram (which was a sign) that 
next morning from Richmond, Ya., if he got there, and 
if she received no telegram it was a sign that he was dead. 
He could not reach Richmond, he therefore wrote a mes- 
sage and gave it to a colored gentleman at Whitaker, N. 
C, insisting upon liim to be sure and send it, not stating 
that he was in North Carolina. This shows the complete 
organic strength of this most regretful and dreadful move- 
ment going on in North Carolina. The telegraph, the 
telephone, and even it seems the very railroad train knows 
hew to move against the Negro in this matter and the 
exiled ones, either colored or white, for both were shipped 
from Wilmington and were kept going out of the state. 
It is as hard to get out of the State as it was to pass the 
ruffians at three Eastern Gates, as you travel through the 
East. We are' widows' sons. Lord, God, is there no 
help for us. Dr. Kirk left his wife in a country hut in 
the swamps of North Carolina, sleeping on a pallet wait- 
ing to hear from him; and he, a minister of the gospel; 
honored and respected by black and white throughout the 
country as far as is known to himself and others. 


He appeals in the name' of humanity that the lives of the 
citizens of these United States be protected, let them be 
white or black; for we all fight and die for the same 
country and her flag. Extend to us the hand of help! 
Give us the strong grip of the lion! Lift this dark and 
oppressed race from a dead level of sore affliction to a 
living perpendicular of consideration in the eyes of this 
nation. Not from a political standpoint, but an humane, 
recognizing us as worthy your protection if nothing more. 
The above is a limited sketch of the troubles in Wil- 
mington, X. 0. The entreaty is to move the feeling of 
those who 1 may read them. It is not to stir up passion, 
but pity. It is not to make enemies, but friends. It is 
not from the heart of an evil thinker, but one that.prayeth 
that God may revolutionize the fearful sentiment of the 
South, and inspire sympathy and pity in the hearts of our 
white friends. f< r good to our race. The summary of 
the situation: Evening Dispatch, of Wilmington, X. 

O.j published Friday evening, November 11, 1898, states 
tli at a correct list of the fatalities will never be published, 
but there were many men wounded as well as killed; 
Negroes and some whites. Says the Dispatch, in the same 
issue, "A detailed account of the trouble yesterday will 
never be given — that is a correct statement — as it was 
impossible in the excitement to get at the details or to 
recollect them; and the number of Negroes killed and 
wounded will brobably never be kno An eye wit- 

ness says that she believes there v ore than one hun- 

\ died destroyed in the said conflict. ] h*. Kirk entreats the 
Negro race to refrain from threat- and highhanded talk- 
ing, and loud and boisterous conduct in the streets. Be 
considerate in all they do. Conduct themselves as gentle- 
men and ladies, and try by all means to keep the peace 
that is necessary to our existence in this country. Ever 
trusting God, with all their hearts, leaning not unto their 
own understanding, but in all their ways acknowledging 
God and He will direct our paths. Amen. 

It i& generally . supposed by the better white citizens, 
that the Negroes who suffer at the hands of these atro- 


cious mobs, are of the lower or vicious class of our race, 
but in the case of Wilmington, X. C, the reverse is the 
truth. lor the colored citizens of Wilmington were pro- 
gressive and enterprising- and were characterized by their 
endeavor to live as worthy citizens. They are property 
holders, averaging from five to forty thousand dollars, re- 
spectively. From their ranks were furnished teachers, 
lawyers, physicians, clergymen, merchants and business 
men. The intellectuality of the colored citizens is beyond 
the average, in so much that it has been recognized by 
the conservative white people of the city and State. The 
pastors of the colored churches wore recognized by white 
and colored as the most able divines that ever stood in the 
pulpits of "Wilmington. The membership of the various 
(1; nominations loved and respected their pastors, because 
of their ability to lead them in truth and right. There 
was a. great lamentation heard throughout the city when 
the mob got hold of some of the leading pastors and took 
them from their members. Their shrieks could be heard 
across the city in exclamations like these: O! 0! My God! 
My (rod! Where have they taken our pastor! — from men. 
and women. 

The white people of Wilmington intended to remove 
ali the able leaders of the colored race, stating that to do 
so would leave them better and obedient servants among 
the .Negroes: and all the better class of the colored citi- 
zens were driven from the city, showing to the world that 
they were not after the criminal and ignorant class of 
Xegroes, but the professional and business men. The 
whites claim that Dr. I. 8. Lee. I). D.. Rev. Dr. J. Allen 
Kirk, ami lawyer W- E. Henderson were the strong - 
forces at the head of their race in the city. These and 
many others with them were driven and sent away from 
the city. 

This postscript is to show to the white and colored peo- 
ple of these United States and the world, that the decent 
families of our race have been assailed and routed like 
beasts from their God given positions as leaders of their 


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